How might research go wrong?
Researching efficacy and/or effectiveness sounds straightforward but of course research is not that easy – there are several ways in which spurious results may be obtained, whether we are measuring efficacy or effectiveness. These problems include:
There are also problems that arise concerning the use of research results, such as:
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Roethlisberger, Fritz Jules & Dickson, William J (1939) – Management and the Worker: Cambridge, Harvard University Press
Rosenzweig, Saul (1936) Some implicit common factors in diverse methods in psychotherapy. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 6, 412-415
Carroll, Lewis (1865) Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland – nowadays available as Penguin Popular Classics
Guthrie, Else (2000) Enhancing the clinical relevance of psychotherapy outcome research Journal of Mental Health 9:3 267-271